Clinical Departments

Since the inception of Kathmandu School of Law, Clinical Law Department existed as an integral part providing legal aid services to poor and needy people and engaging students in experiential learning through its two clinics; Prisoners Legal Aid Clinic and Victims Legal Aid Clinic. During the period of 2001 A.D. to 2010 A.D. five years LLB course were implemented where clinical works subject were introduced but as a non credit subject. Till 2010 A.D. students could voluntary choose to enroll in clinical works subject and engage in the activities of the two clinics of KSL.
 
From 2011 A.D. with the introduction of BALLB course in Kathmandu School of Law, Clinical Works subject were made credited and compulsory, hence all the students enrolled in BALLB from first year to fifth year has to enroll in all the clinical activities and pass them to complete their graduation in law.
 
Clinical Law Department in Kathmandu School of Law holds two approach in undertaking and dispensing its clinical legal education and clinical activities; Client Centric approach and Student Centric approach.
 
Following its Client centric Approach Kathmandu School of law Clinical Law Department has established a Human Rights and Criminal Justice Clinic which offers free legal aid services to poor and needy people, indigent prisoners, victims of crime and vulnerable sections of society such as child and women. Professor In charge for clinic, coordinator of Department and two clinical Attorneys are responsible to conduct the activities of Clinic. Students are also enrolled in this approach as an intern; however the main focus is to provide services.
 
Under its student centric approach Clinical Law Department undertakes its academic activities with lectures and practical undertakings. Clinical legal education in KSL is a unique blend of practical, experiential pedagogy. Professor In charge for Clinical Law Department, a coordinator of Department and seven clinical faculties are responsible for running the academic cum field aspect that holds ten practical subjects of five years BALLB Course as listed below.
 
S.No
Academic Activities Under Clinical Law Department
Activities undertaken
Course Credit
  1.  
BALLB 1st year Clinical Works
Lectures
Field Works (3Days Street Law, 2 Days Court Visit, 2 Days Slum area Visit, 2 Days Lawyer Client Observation)
50 marks
  1.  
BALLB 2nd year Clinical Works
Lectures
Field Works (2 Days Detention Center Visit, 2days Prision Visit, 2 days Reform home visit, 2 days prison management department visit)
50 marks
  1.  
BALLB 3rd year Clinical Works
Lectures
Field Works ( one month community mobile clinic in remote area)
100 marks
  1.  
BALLB 4th year Clinical Works
Lectures
Field Works ( three month legal literacy program in remote village)
100 marks
  1.  
BALLB 5th year Clinical Works
Lectures
Research for Writ filing
Field Works (two month ie Law Practice, Preparation of Writ, Internship)
BAR Council Preparation Classes and Professionalism Development
50 marks
  1.  
Civil Moot Court Writing BALLB 3rd Year
Lectures,
Civil Writing, Checking Rough and Fair,
50 marks
  1.  
Criminal Moot Court Writing BALLB 4th Year
Lectures,
Criminal Writing, Checking Rough and Fair
100 marks
  1.  
Professional Ethics BALLB 3rd year
Lectures ,
5 days Seminar classes, 1 Week Research in BAR, council, Court and law firms
100 marks
  1.  
Trial Advocacy BALLB 5th year
Trail Advocacy,
 Different stages of civil cases, of Criminal Cases, Trail Advocacy of Writ
50 marks
  1.  
Procedural Law BALLB 2nd Year
Lectures,
Case Study
Field Works
100 marks

Clinical Law Department has its structural frame work under the visionary leadership of two Professor In charge (for clinic and clinical course activities), a coordinator managing the entire department with six clinical faculties and two clinical attorneys. Clinical Law Department is responsible for planning, coordination and implementation of clinical legal education, clinical services and clinical activities of Kathmandu School of Law. 
 
Structure of Clinical Law Department
 
Human Rights and Criminal Justice Clinic (HRCJC)
Legal Aid as integral rights to the poor and needy victim and Right to legal representation justifies universally guaranteed fundamental human rights. With respect to this rights, Article 20(10) of the Constitution of Nepal guarantees right to unrestricted legal assistance as fundamental rights and Article 20 (10) obliged state provide free legal Aid service to the needy people. Promulgation of the Legal Aid Act, 1999 is a landmark step taken by Nepal in this regard.
A lot of institutions are working with the mission of providing access to justice to the poor and needy people; still a lot of people are the victims of human rights violation and are deprived of the fair criminal trial.
Kathmandu School of Law (KSL) takes an initiative of all sort of legal proficiency and society based programs of legal education and its responsibilities towards society and nation and is committed to prove itself as the center of excellence.
Being determined to strengthen respect for human rights, promote democracy, development, social justice, communal harmony through Distributive justice and Preferential Approach And Respecting the principles and binding provisions of Article 20 (2), Article 20 (10) of the Constitution of Nepal, fully committed to the norms set by the twin covenant ICCPR and ICESCR 1966, regarding fair trial and access to justice, Kathmandu School of Law has initiated Human Rights and Criminal Justice Clinic as one of such initiatives to fulfill institutional social responsibility by serving the needy people in society and enrich the practical approach of educating law students.
 
1.1 Objective of HRCJC Clinic
a. To provide Free Legal Aid to Indigent prisoners, victims of crimes, especially women, children and other marginalized groups, and victims of human rights violation.
b. To provide a pure academic discussion platform on legal issues to students, teaching faculties and professional lawyers.  
 
1.2 Desired Impact and Outcome of the HRCJC Clinic
The clinic intends to impart access to justice to the poor and needy people. The desired impact and outcome of the project are.
 
a. Serving 100 clients a year
The student interns, young Lawyers and Panel of Lawyers in clinic has mandate to serve about 100 (one hundred) clients during the one year term by providing representation in court, assistance with transactional challenges and counseling and mediation services. The Clinic has the target to provide free legal aid services including paralegal services with cases of victims specially women issues of foreign employment and citizenship
b. Preparation of 24 fine practitioner human rights friendly law professionals. 
Clinic aims at engagement of about 24 law students as intern in one year. The students shall easily cop up in the practice field after internship. The intern shall be equipped with the practical knowledge of sensitive human rights violation cases and approach to defend them in court.
c. Assisting government Responsibility & International obligation.
Providing Victims Legal Aid, in cases of the human rights Violation, in cases of Criminal Justice system assist to fulfill government responsibility under International Laws (ICCPR & ICESCR) and National Laws (Constitution of Nepal).
d. Number of writ filing to serve public interest and fulfilling community responsibility. 
Kathmandu School of Law being the community not only has the direct responsibility towards students but also has to fulfill its community responsibility, thus clinic shall also serve the need of community by filing writ in the matters of Public Interest Litigation.
Sensitization of the critical issues of procedural violations including those occurring at the investigative stage of criminal case proceedings, human rights violations and deficiencies in the judicial system.
 
Kathmandu School of Law is institutionally taking the charge of the clinic where there is abundance of the human resource to serve the clinic so the projects sustainability is under the institutional responsibility and the desired impacts and outcome is also one of the community responsibility of the institution which the institution is ready to fulfill and make it a successful project.
 
1.3 Strategies of the Clinic
To achieve the proposed objective of the Human Rights and Criminal Justice Clinic following are the strategies set.
a. Victim Legal Aid through clinic.
1. From the last year experience, the clinic fells necessity of the specialized departmentalization of Clinic. The Four departments need to be formed for smooth functioning and achievement of target. Each Department must have one clinical Attorney and Three interns to assist.
i. Department to look after cases of Women
ii. Department to look after cases of Foreign Employment
iii. Department to look after cases relating to citizenship
iv. Department to look after other cases (Fair trial, Writ, Human rights Violation )
2. To provide awareness, consultation, street law program, seminar and meeting as a part of legal education.
3. Mobilization of students and faculties in research activities, documentation, client handling, engaging in court procedures focusing the areas like criminal justice, human rights, access to justice, good governance etc and standardizing professional skills of students.
b. Engaging law students as interns, Engaging Young advocates as legal officers and the experienced practitioner lawyers as Panel of Lawyers for academic discussion and providing Legal Aid.
c. Holistic responses to legal needs