The department was established in the year 2004 with an objective to promote scientific education of law and meet the primary goal of KSL that is to achieve excellence in research. It carries out research as regular activity of the institution and explores areas of research involving the students. The department functions by exploring the areas of need to research and develops applicable methodology for its conduction. The findings then are put forth for discussions among researchers and experts in the related field and brought into conclusion.
It provides academic assistance to individual student and the team to conduct any type of research activities as a part of their academic pursuit. During the year 2062(2005-06) the department carried out number of research activities mobilizing students in cooperation with various national and international organizations.
Activities Conducted by the Department
The following are the major activities conducted during this year:
1. Research on Role and Performance of Media in Nepal
The center conducted research on Role and Performance of Media in Nepal involving LL.B students to find out the contribution of media in promotion of democracy and peace. The study covered 13 electronic media including 6 FM Radio stations and 31 print media including 9 daily newspapers, 11 weekly, 1 fortnightly and 10 monthly magazines in order to analyze, both quantitatively and qualitatively.
The different materials and the coverage in the media were examined to find whether the printed items expressed solidarity to promote peace and pro-democracy or vice versa. The data revealed pessimistic scenario in the above two issues, and most of the vernaculars were found allocating only small slot for the emerging two issues.
Major portion of the coverage was given to unfolding the attitudes and behaviors of the warring and political parties instead of encouraging agreements. The findings showed that the media are playing the role of ‘highlighter’ instead of ‘negotiator’ in the resolution of conflict.
2. Students Mobilization Program
Extensive discussion programs were organized among students of different level and of different places in order to orient the youths on Role of Youths in Transformation of Present Conflict. A total of 30 programs were conducted during the year benefiting more that 1500 students from different schools and colleges inside and outside of the valley. The topics covered in the discussion were civic education, human rights, good governance, democratic values, politics, and conflict transformation. KSL faculty and researchers of the center acted as Resource Persons for the program. The program was organized in support of Embassy of Denmark, Kathmandu.
3. Research on Dispute Settling Mechanisms in Mustang District
Students of LL.B 3rd Year in cooperation with the center conducted field research on Dispute Settling Mechanisms in Mustang District with special reference to Mukhiya System. The research traced out some distinctive findings and came up with suggestions to the policy makers in order to establish effective judicial behavior of the people in Mustang.
The study shows that the people of Mustang have been practicing the Mukhiya system from the very ancient epoch and are still very faithful about the system and its functioning. It is so effective in the district that any intervention upon it may create a situation to turmoil the entire society. The local laws based on religious belief and faiths are applied in community, which is not in conflict with the state laws in most of the aspects. But the present condition is yet not satisfactory in many terms. Thus, the study recommends that some of the steps are necessary to ensure the better practice of justice in the district in future.
4. Study on Cause of Delay Justice in Corruption Cases
The department carried out the study to determine the factors for the delay in deciding cases and case backlog in the Special Court with a view to improving the Special Court and strengthening its management capacity. The preliminary data shows the formal and lengthy procedure prescribed by laws, and lack of proper cooperation among concerned institutions, offices and individuals being the primary setbacks for the delay rather than investigation process. Other identified causes include ignoring summons by alleged offender and lack of proper information about alleged offender’s contact etc.
5. Research on Situation of Domestic Violence on Women in Kavre District
The department helped LL.B 2nd year students to carry out research on situation of domestic violence on women in Kavre District, which interestingly found out that there is low rate of such violence in this community in comparison to other ethnic communities like Brahmin and Chettris. The research covered 25 households in Naldum and Dhadgaun VDCs.
The study explored several positive characteristics of life styles of that community which can be learned by other. The community were well conscious about providing education to both the son and the daughter though there was less percentage of daughter getting higher education; they were not only conscious of educating youngster but also to the old generation for which informal education was conducted; they hold a good understanding between the family (husband and wife) so the existence of patriarchy society is almost nil.
Moreover, women were engage in social work, which was the good indicator of women empowerment, though many were only of short term. They are conscious about the health and sanitation of mother during pregnancy; interestingly, they have not yet accused anyone of being witch, which lately has become an awful fate for rural women on the basis of some constricted perceptions. And the villagers don’t rigidly press their daughter in laws for nuisance dowry. By these indicators, the study shows there is less chance of domestic violence in this community.
6. Research Assistance to LL.B and LL.M Programs
Apart from conducting independent study, the department provided assistance in research activities conducted by the centers affiliated with the LL.M Program as well as LL.B Program. In the 16 days activism against violence against women, it assisted students to develop questionnaire, research modules etc. Similarly, in the 2nd Winter Residential School on Socio Economic and Good Governance, the center provided its expertise to orient students on methodology to conduct field study and to develop survey questionnaire.
7. Five Days Residential Seminar on Legal Research
The department organized a five days residential seminar on Legal Research in coordination with three centers of the LL.M program for the newly admitted LL.M students. The seminar helped students to enhance their knowledge about scientific writing, science and commonsense, specific components of research and its methodologies and the critical logical thinking. All newly admitted students in LL.M program participated in the program before the formal commencement of their class.